QUALITY OF SUSTAINABILITY DISCLOSURE AMONG THE ASEAN-5 COUNTRIES AND THE ROLE OF STAKEHOLDERS

Anisa Ramadhini Trianaputri, Chaerul Djusman Djakman

Abstract


Abstract 

This study was carried out to reveal the actual quality of sustainability disclosure, actuated by some recent studies that pointed out the lack of disclosure quality amid the growing trend of CSR and the tendency that CSR disclosure was dominantly constructed to manage the corporate image. This study also seeks to investigate the role of stakeholder groups (primary, secondary and regulatory stakeholders), by analyzing the sustainability disclosures of 224 primary sector companies among the five emerging markets in Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Philippines in the year of 2016. The extensive disclosure index was also employed to assess each disclosure item under the GRI G4 Guidelines. The results revealed that the quality of sustainability disclosure is still low. In this regard, Thailand turns into the country with the highest score, followed by Malaysia and Indonesia. Labor practice aspect becomes the most expressed aspect by the companies, followed by environmental and social aspect. Based on results obtained, it is therefore argued that employees, auditors, mass media, and regulators have roles in encouraging companies to enhance the quality of sustainability disclosure. However, this study does not find a significant influence from the shareholders and international consumers. The contradictory result was found from creditors, conveying that they possess a negative influence on the quality of sustainability disclosure.

Keywords: sustainability, disclosure, stakeholder, GRI G4, ASEAN

Abstrak

Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk menganalisis kualitas pengungkapan keberlanjutan, yang dimotivasi oleh sejumlah studi yang menunjukkan rendahnya kualitas pengungkapan di tengah maraknya tren CSR dan adanya kecenderungan bahwa pengungkapan tersebut lebih ditujukan untuk mengendalikan citra perusahaan. Penelitian ini juga ditujukan untuk menginvestigasi pengaruh kelompok stakeholder (primary, secondary, dan regulatory stakeholder) dengan menganalisis kualitas pengungkapan keberlanjutan pada 224 perusahaan sektor primer pada negara ASEAN-5, yaitu Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapura, Thailand dan Filipina, dengan tahun observasi 2016. Setiap pengungkapan keberlanjutan perusahaan dinilai melalui metode analisis konten yang mendalam dengan pedoman GRI G4. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kualitas pengungkapan keberlanjutan masih rendah. Thailand menjadi negara dengan kualitas pengungkapan keberlanjutan tertinggi, disusul oleh Malaysia dan Indonesia. Aspek ketenagakerjaan menjadi aspek yang paling banyak diungkapkan oleh perusahaan, disusul dengan aspek lingkungan dan kemasyarakatan. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian, diketahui bahwa kelompok karyawan, media massa, auditor dan regulator memiliki peranan dalam mendorong perusahaan untuk melakukan pengungkapan keberlanjutan yang berkualitas. Namun, tidak ditemukan adanya pengaruh yang signifikan dari kelompok pemegang saham dan konsumen internasional terhadap kualitas pengungkapan keberlanjutan. Penelitian ini juga menemukan adanya pengaruh negatif dari kelompok kreditor.

Kata kunci: pengungkapan, keberlanjutan, pemegang kepentingan, GRI G4, ASEAN

Keywords


sustainability; disclosure; stakeholder; GRI G4; ASEAN; pengungkapan; keberlanjutan; pemegang kepentingan; GRI G4; ASEAN

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